Download Architecture, Astronomy and Sacred Landscape in Ancient Egypt PDF

Author :
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1107032083
Total Pages : 285 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (7 users)

Read and Download Giulio Magli book Architecture, Astronomy and Sacred Landscape in Ancient Egypt in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TArchitecture, Astronomy and Sacred Landscape in Ancient Egypt. This book was released on 2013-07-22 with total page 285 pages. Book excerpt: Most of the "wonders" of our ancient past have come down to us unencumbered by written information. In particular, this is the case of the Great Pyramid of Giza and of many other ancient Egyptian monuments. However, there is no doubt as to the interest of their builders in the celestial cycles: the "cosmic order" was indeed the true basis of the pharaoh's power. This book takes the reader on a chronological journey through ancient Egypt to explore the relationship between astronomy, landscape, and power during the most flourishing periods of ancient Egyptian civilization. Using the lens of archaeoastronomy, Giulio Magli reexamines the key monuments and turning points of Egyptian architecture and history, such as the solar deification of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid, the Hatshepsut reign, and the Amarna revolution.


Author :
Release Date :
ISBN 13:
Total Pages : 121 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (782 users)

Read and Download GIACOMO ALBANO book ANCIENT EGYPT, JERUSALEM AND THE STARS ARCHAEOASTRONOMICAL EVIDENCE OF A SECRET SACRED ASTRONOMY in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TANCIENT EGYPT, JERUSALEM AND THE STARS ARCHAEOASTRONOMICAL EVIDENCE OF A SECRET SACRED ASTRONOMY. This book was released on 2023-02-25 with total page 121 pages. Book excerpt: Examining the astronomical alignments of the main Egyptian monuments, the author shows that almost none of them is oriented to the rise or set of Sirius or Orion at the time of construction. How is it possible? The reader will discover that in reality all are oriented in some way to the rising points of the stars of Orion or Sirius when they were in the extreme phases of their cycle. Since there is not only one of the most important Egyptian monuments that escapes this rule of orientation, it is evident that it was the true "secret" technique behind these choices. Being a specialist in stellar astrology, in the last part of the book the author shows how these "stellar mechanisms" have worked well beyond the field of Archaeoastronomy. He illustrates the most important encadrement by declination - active for thousands of years and still active - involving some of the brightest stars in the firmament. We will see how and why Giza and Jerusalem been the places where it has most strongly manifested the greatest effects in the field of sacred and religions, albeit in different ways and for different reasons. The truth is that the Sacred Astronomy practiced by the Egyptians is completely unknown to contemporary scholars. Moreover it was not a simple belief or superstition of that people. It is the Supreme Science that describes how the cosmos really works, and not only for the events of sacred history. The Egyptian priests and initiates probably derived this knowledge from a tradition dating back to the dawn of time. Since these stellar configurations regulate not only the most important events of sacred and prophane history, but also the places the events that occur, their knowledge may open new scenarios for human knowledge, far superior and far more "radical" of the much acclaimed scientific discoveries that are not able to identify the primary and occult causes of events, nor to reveal the Mystery that surrounds our existence.

Download Sacred Landscapes of Imperial China PDF

Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 3030493245
Total Pages : 179 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (34 users)

Read and Download Giulio Magli book Sacred Landscapes of Imperial China in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TSacred Landscapes of Imperial China. This book was released on 2020-06-15 with total page 179 pages. Book excerpt: This book analyses the magnificent imperial necropolises of ancient China from the perspective of Archaeoastronomy, a science which takes into account the landscape in which ancient monuments are placed, focusing especially but not exclusively on the celestial aspects. The power of the Chinese emperors was based on the so-called Mandate of Heaven: the rulers were believed to act as intermediaries between the sky gods and the Earth, and consequently, the architecture of their tombs, starting from the world-famous mausoleum of the first emperor, was closely linked to the celestial cycles and to the cosmos. This relationship, however, also had to take into account various other factors and doctrines, first the Zhao-Mu doctrine in the Han period and later the various forms of Feng Shui. As a result, over the centuries, diverse sacred landscapes were constructed. Among the sites analysed in the book are the “pyramids” of Xi’an from the Han dynasty, the mountain tombs of the Tang dynasty, and the Ming and Qing imperial tombs. The book explains how considerations such as astronomical orientation and topographical orientation according to the principles of Feng Shui played a fundamental role at these sites.

Download From the Ancient Near East to Christian Byzantium PDF

Author :
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1527567370
Total Pages : 302 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (275 users)

Read and Download Mario Baghos book From the Ancient Near East to Christian Byzantium in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TFrom the Ancient Near East to Christian Byzantium. This book was released on 2021-03-11 with total page 302 pages. Book excerpt: This book combines concepts from the history of religions with Byzantine studies in its assessments of kings, symbols, and cities in a diachronic and cross-cultural analysis. The work attests, firstly, that the symbolic art and architecture of ancient cities—commissioned by their monarchs expressing their relationship with their gods—show us that religiosity was inherent to such enterprises. It also demonstrates that what transpired from the first cities in history to Byzantine Christendom is the gradual replacement of the pagan ruler cult—which was inherent to city-building in antiquity—with the ruler becoming subordinate to Christ; exemplified by representations of the latter as the ‘Master of All’ (Pantokrator). Beginning in Mesopotamia, the book continues with an analysis of city-building by rulers in Egypt, Greece, and Rome, before addressing Judaism (specifically, the city of Jerusalem) and Christianity as shifting the emphasis away from pagan-gods and rulers to monotheistic perceptions of God as elevated above worldly kings. It concludes with an assessment of Christian Rome and Constantinople as typifying the evolution from the ancient and classical world to Christendom.

Download The Oxford Handbook of Light in Archaeology PDF

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0191092320
Total Pages : 816 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (91 users)

Read and Download Costas Papadopoulos book The Oxford Handbook of Light in Archaeology in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Oxford Handbook of Light in Archaeology. This book was released on 2021-12-09 with total page 816 pages. Book excerpt: Light has a fundamental role to play in our perception of the world. Natural or artificial lightscapes orchestrate uses and experiences of space and, in turn, influence how people construct and negotiate their identities, form social relationships, and attribute meaning to (im)material practices. Archaeological practice seeks to analyse the material culture of past societies by examining the interaction between people, things, and spaces. As light is a crucial factor that mediates these relationships, understanding its principles and addressing illumination's impact on sensory experience and perception should be a fundamental pursuit in archaeology. However, in archaeological reasoning, studies of lightscapes have remained largely neglected and understudied. This volume provides a comprehensive and accessible consideration of light in archaeology and beyond by including dedicated and fully illustrated chapters covering diverse aspects of illumination in different spatial and temporal contexts, from prehistory to the present. Written by leading international scholars, it interrogates the qualities and affordances of light in different contexts and (im)material environments, explores its manipulation, and problematises its elusive properties. The result is a synthesis of invaluable insights into sensory experience and perception, demonstrating illumination's vital impact on social, cultural, and artistic contexts.

Download Sacred Landscapes in Antiquity PDF

Author :
Publisher : Oxbow Books
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1789253349
Total Pages : 360 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (892 users)

Read and Download Ralph Haussler book Sacred Landscapes in Antiquity in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TSacred Landscapes in Antiquity. This book was released on 2020-07-31 with total page 360 pages. Book excerpt: From generation to generation, people experience their landscapes differently. Humans depend on their natural environment: it shapes their behavior while it is often felt that deities responsible for both natural benefits and natural calamities (such as droughts, famines, floods and landslides) need to be appeased. We presume that, in many societies, lakes, rivers, rocks, mountains, caves and groves were considered sacred. Individual sites and entire landscapes are often associated with divine actions, mythical heroes and etiological myths. Throughout human history, people have also felt the need to monumentalize their sacred landscape. But this is where the similarities end as different societies had very different understandings, believes and practices. The aim of this new thematic appraisal is to scrutinize carefully our evidence and rethink our methodologies in a multi-disciplinary approach. More than 30 papers investigate diverse sacred landscapes from the Iberian peninsula and Britain in the west to China in the east. They discuss how to interpret the intricate web of ciphers and symbols in the landscape and how people might have experienced it. We see the role of performance, ritual, orality, textuality and memory in people’s sacred landscapes. A diachronic view allows us to study how landscapes were ‘rewritten’, adapted and redefined in the course of time to suit new cultural, political and religious understandings, not to mention the impact of urbanism on people’s understandings. A key question is how was the landscape manipulated, transformed and monumentalized – especially the colossal investments in monumental architecture we see in certain socio-historic contexts or the creation of an alternative humanmade, seemingly ‘non-natural’ landscape, with perfectly astronomically aligned buildings that define a cosmological order? Sacred Landscapes therefore aims to analyze the complex links between landscape, ‘religiosity’ and society, developing a dialectic framework that explores sacred landscapes across the ancient world in a dynamic, holistic, contextual and historical perspective.

Download Archaeoastronomy PDF

Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 303045147X
Total Pages : 271 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (34 users)

Read and Download Giulio Magli book Archaeoastronomy in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TArchaeoastronomy. This book was released on 2020-09-28 with total page 271 pages. Book excerpt: This is a second edition of a textbook that provides the first comprehensive, easy-to-read, and up-to-date account of the fascinating discipline of archaeoastronomy, in which the relationship between ancient constructions and the sky is studied in order to gain a better understanding of the ideas of the architects of the past and of their religious and symbolic worlds. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which explores the past relations between astronomy and people, power, the afterworld, architecture, and landscape. The second part then discusses in detail the fundamentals of archaeoastronomy, including the celestial coordinates; the apparent motion of the sun, moon, stars, and planets; observation of celestial bodies at the horizon; the use of astronomical software in archaeoastronomy; and current methods for making and analyzing measurements. The final section reviews what archaeoastronomy can now tell us about the nature and purpose of such sites and structures as Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, Chichen Itza, the Angkor Temples, the Campus Martius, and the Valley of the Temples of Agrigento. In addition, it provides a set of exercises that can be performed using non-commercial free software, e.g., Google Earth and Stellarium, and that will equip readers to conduct their own research. This new edition features a completely new chapter on archaeoastronomy in Asia and an “augmented reality” framework, which on the one hand enhances the didactic value of the book using direct links to the relevant sections of the author’s MOOC (online) lessons and, on the other, allows readers to directly experience – albeit virtually –many of the spectacular archaeological sites described in the book. This is an ideal introduction to what has become a wide-ranging multidisciplinary science.

Download A Day in a Working Life [3 volumes] PDF

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1610694031
Total Pages : 1424 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (16 users)

Read and Download Gary Westfahl book A Day in a Working Life [3 volumes] in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TA Day in a Working Life [3 volumes]. This book was released on 2015-04-21 with total page 1424 pages. Book excerpt: Ideal for high school and college students studying history through the everyday lives of men and women, this book offers intriguing information about the jobs that people have held, from ancient times to the 21st century. This unique book provides detailed studies of more than 300 occupations as they were practiced in 21 historical time periods, ranging from prehistory to the present day. Each profession is examined in a compelling essay that is specifically written to inform readers about career choices in different times and cultures, and is accompanied by a bibliography of additional sources of information, sidebars that relate historical issues to present-day concerns, as well as related historical documents. Readers of this work will learn what each profession entailed or entails on a daily basis, how one gained entry to the vocation, training methods, and typical compensation levels for the job. The book provides sufficient specific detail to convey a comprehensive understanding of the experiences, benefits, and downsides of a given profession. Selected accompanying documents further bring history to life by offering honest testimonies from people who actually worked in these occupations or interacted with those in that field.

Download The Cygnus Key PDF

Author :
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1591433002
Total Pages : 464 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (914 users)

Read and Download Andrew Collins book The Cygnus Key in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Cygnus Key. This book was released on 2018-05-15 with total page 464 pages. Book excerpt: New evidence showing that the earliest origins of human culture, religion, and technology derive from the lost world of the Denisovans • Explains how Göbekli Tepe and the Giza pyramids are aligned with the constellation of Cygnus and show evidence of enhanced sound-acoustic technology • Traces the origins of Göbekli Tepe and the Giza pyramids to the Denisovans, a previously unknown human population remembered in myth as a race of giants • Shows how the ancient belief in Cygnus as the origin point for the human soul is as much as 45,000 years old and originally came from southern Siberia Built at the end of the last ice age around 9600 BCE, Göbekli Tepe in southeast Turkey was designed to align with the constellation of the celestial swan, Cygnus--a fact confirmed by the discovery at the site of a tiny bone plaque carved with the three key stars of Cygnus. Remarkably, the three main pyramids at Giza in Egypt, including the Great Pyramid, align with the same three stars. But where did this ancient veneration of Cygnus come from? Showing that Cygnus was once seen as a portal to the sky-world, Andrew Collins reveals how, at both sites, the attention toward this star group is linked with sound acoustics and the use of musical intervals “discovered” thousands of years later by the Greek mathematician Pythagoras. Collins traces these ideas as well as early advances in human technology and cosmology back to the Altai-Baikal region of Russian Siberia, where the cult of the swan flourished as much as 20,000 years ago. He shows how these concepts, including a complex numeric system based on long-term eclipse cycles, are derived from an extinct human population known as the Denisovans. Not only were they of exceptional size--the ancient giants of myth--but archaeological discoveries show that this previously unrecognized human population achieved an advanced level of culture, including the use of high-speed drilling techniques and the creation of musical instruments. The author explains how the stars of Cygnus coincided with the turning point of the heavens at the moment the Denisovan legacy was handed to the first human societies in southern Siberia 45,000 years ago, catalyzing beliefs in swan ancestry and an understanding of Cygnus as the source of cosmic creation. It also led to powerful ideas involving the Milky Way’s Dark Rift, viewed as the Path of Souls and the sky-road shamans travel to reach the sky-world. He explores how their sound technology and ancient cosmologies were carried into the West, flowering first at Göbekli Tepe and then later in Egypt’s Nile Valley. Collins shows how the ancient belief in Cygnus as the source of creation can also be found in many other cultures around the world, further confirming the role played by the Denisovan legacy in the genesis of human civilization.

Download After Dark PDF

Author :
Publisher : University Press of Colorado
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1646422600
Total Pages : 313 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (464 users)

Read and Download Nancy Gonlin book After Dark in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TAfter Dark. This book was released on 2022-08-15 with total page 313 pages. Book excerpt: After Dark explores the experience of nighttime within ancient urban settings. Contributors present material evidence related to how ancient people manipulated and confronted darkness and night in urban landscapes, advancing our knowledge of the archaeology of cities, the archaeology of darkness and night, and lychnology (the study of ancient lighting devices). Sensory archaeology focuses on the sensual experience of the nocturnal environment—the sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and feel of an ancient city—and the multi-faceted stimuli that diverse urban populations experienced in the dark. Contributors investigate night work—for example, standing guard or pursuing nocturnal trades—and nightlife, such as gambling at Chaco Canyon. They also examine how urban architecture, infrastructure, and the corresponding lighting were inextricably involved in enabling nighttime pursuits and signaling social status. The subjects of the night, darkness, and illumination taken together form a comprehensive framework for analyzing city life. After Dark embraces night as a conceptual lens through which to view the material and visual cultures of the ancient world and, in doing so, demonstrates a wealth of activities, behaviors, and beliefs that took place between dusk and dawn. This perspective greatly enriches the understanding of urban life and its evolution and has much to offer archaeologists in deepening an examination of complexity and inequality. This volume will be of interest to any scholar or student of the past who is interested in urban activities and the significance of the night in urban settings. Contributors: Susan M. Alt, J. Antonio Ochatoma Cabrera, Martha Cabrera Romero, Tiffany Earley-Spadoni, Kirby Farrah, Nancy Gonlin, Anna Guengerich, Christopher Hernandez, John Janusek, Kristin V. Landau, Maggie L. Popkin, Monica L. Smith, Meghan E. Strong, Susan Toby Evans, Robert S. Weiner

Download The Oxford Handbook of Egyptology PDF

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0199271879
Total Pages : 1300 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (992 users)

Read and Download Ian Shaw book The Oxford Handbook of Egyptology in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Oxford Handbook of Egyptology. This book was released on 2020-05-11 with total page 1300 pages. Book excerpt: The Oxford Handbook of Egyptology offers a comprehensive survey of the entire study of ancient Egypt, from prehistory through to the end of the Roman period. Authoritative yet accessible, and covering a wide range of topics, it is an invaluable resource for scholars, students, and general readers alike.

Download Christian Solar Symbolism and Jesus the Sun of Justice PDF

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0567700127
Total Pages : 193 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (677 users)

Read and Download Kevin Duffy book Christian Solar Symbolism and Jesus the Sun of Justice in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TChristian Solar Symbolism and Jesus the Sun of Justice. This book was released on 2022-02-24 with total page 193 pages. Book excerpt: This pioneering study of Christian sun symbolism describes how biblical light motifs were taken up with energy in the early Church. Kevin Duffy argues that, living in a world of 24/7 illumination, we need to reconnect with the sun and its light to appreciate the meaning of light in the Bible and Christian tradition. With such a retrieval we can appreciate Pope Francis's insistence that, like the moon, the Church does not shine with its own light, and assess the claim that the Eucharist is to be celebrated 'Ad Orientem', that is towards the rising sun in the East. Liturgy, architecture, poetry and the writings of saints and theologians such as Augustine, Hildegard of Bingen, Francis of Assisi, and Thomas Traherne offer abundant resources for a much needed ressourcement. While Christ was preached as the True Sun among sun-worshipping Aztecs, and the consecrated host was placed in a solar monstrance on Baroque altars, in the modern era solar themes have been neglected. In this accessible work, the author suggests that we rebalance a spiritual symbolism that has over-emphasised darkness and cloud at the expense of light and sun. He proposes a creative retrieval of the traditional title of Christ as the Sun of Justice. This title blends the personal, the social and the cosmic/ecological, and speaks powerfully to a secularising era that contemporaries Friedrich Nietzsche and Thérèse of Lisieux both described as one where the sun does not shine.

Download Shamanism for Every Day PDF

Author :
Publisher : Citadel Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0806541075
Total Pages : 384 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (65 users)

Read and Download Mara Bishop book Shamanism for Every Day in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TShamanism for Every Day. This book was released on 2021-03-30 with total page 384 pages. Book excerpt: DISCOVER YOUR UNIQUE PATH For thousands of years, practitioners of shamanism have found healing and wisdom by connecting to their own spirits and the spirit that lives in all things. Shamanism can be practiced by anyone. Wherever we are, the powers wihtin the web of life and the keys to our personal evolution are available. In these pages, longtime shamanic practitioner and intuitive consultant Mara Bishop introduces the simple yet profound method of shamanic journeying. On this path you will: · Connect to your innate knowing, for calm and confidence in intense times. · Develop meaningful relationships with nature for healing and guidance. · Explore spiritual realms with the aid of compassionate spirits. · Learn to manifest your goals and visions through ceremony. With 365 unique journey topics that can be used in any order, or as meditations, SHAMANISM FOR EVERY DAY offers an invaluable guide to anyone searching for a daily connection to the sacred.

Download The Archaeology of Religion PDF

Author :
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1003806929
Total Pages : 485 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (38 users)

Read and Download Sharon R. Steadman book The Archaeology of Religion in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Archaeology of Religion. This book was released on 2023-12-06 with total page 485 pages. Book excerpt: The new and updated edition of The Archaeology of Religion explores how archaeology interprets past religions, offering insights into how archaeologists seek out the religious, ritual, and symbolic meaning behind what they discover in their research. The book includes case studies from around the world, from the study of Upper Palaeolithic and hunter-gatherer religions to religious structures and practices in complex societies of the Americas, Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and China. Steadman also includes chapters on the origins and development of key contemporary religions—Judaism, Christianity, Islam, among others—to provide an historical and comparative context. Three main themes are threaded throughout the book. These main themes involve the intersection between cultural and religious structures (“religion reflects culture”), including the importance of environment in shaping a culture’s religion, the role religion can sometimes play as a method of social control, and the role religion can sometimes play as a key component in revitalizing a culture. Updated with new discoveries and theories and with two new chapters (Hunter-Gatherer Religions; and Cultures in East Asia) and with new sections on Neolithic Western Asia, the book remains an ideal introduction for courses that include a significant component on past cultures and their religions.

Download The Ethics of Space Exploration PDF

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 331939827X
Total Pages : 267 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (193 users)

Read and Download James S.J. Schwartz book The Ethics of Space Exploration in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Ethics of Space Exploration. This book was released on 2016-07-25 with total page 267 pages. Book excerpt: This book aims to contribute significantly to the understanding of issues of value (including the ultimate value of space-related activities) which repeatedly emerge in interdisciplinary discussions on space and society. Although a recurring feature of discussions about space in the humanities, the treatment of value questions has tended to be patchy, of uneven quality and even, on occasion, idiosyncratic rather than drawing upon a close familiarity with state-of-the-art ethical theory. One of the volume's aims is to promote a more robust and theoretically informed approach to the ethical dimension of discussions on space and society. While the contributions are written in a manner which is accessible across disciplines, the book still withstands scrutiny by those whose work is primarily on ethics. At the same time it allows academics across a range of disciplines an insight into current approaches toward how the work of ethics gets done. The issues of value raised could be used to inform debates about regulation, space law and protocols for microbial discovery as well as longer-range policy debates about funding.

Download Stationen PDF

Author :
Publisher : Philipp Von Zabern
Release Date :
ISBN 13:
Total Pages : 556 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (91 users)

Read and Download Rainer Stadelmann book Stationen in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TStationen. This book was released on 1998 with total page 556 pages. Book excerpt:

Download Egypt, Greece, and Rome PDF

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1000624919
Total Pages : 103 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (6 users)

Read and Download Corinna Rossi book Egypt, Greece, and Rome in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TEgypt, Greece, and Rome. This book was released on 2022-05-04 with total page 103 pages. Book excerpt: Historical events literally took place in specific contexts; 'where things are' shapes 'how things are'. In this book, Corinna Rossi examines how three different ways of interacting with the surrounding world were shaped by their physical context in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Following a discussion on the relationship between history and geography, Rossi delves into the geographical settings of these three civilisations, analysing human mobility within them and how cultural development was shaped by these movements. Rossi also identifies three possible models to describe the three different approaches specific to each of these ancient societies. Egypt, Greece, and Rome: A History of Space and Places is suitable for students and scholars with previous understanding of these three civilisations and an interest in the relationship between history and geography.